Der Ring des Nibelungen

Anne Evans in Götterdämmerung

Anne Evans as Brünnhilde in Harry Kupfer's Ring production at Bayreuth.

Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Nibelung's Ring / The Ring of the Nibelung) is called "ein Bühnenfestspiel für drei Tage und einen Vorabend" (a stage festival drama for three days and a preliminary evening).

Der Ring des Nibelungen had its world premiere at the first festival in Bayreuth in 1876. Three cycles were performed. Richard Wagner was stage director and Hans Richter was the conductor. Artists and celebrities from all over the world had come to Bayreuth to be a part of this event.

The next time the complete Ring was produced in Bayreuth was in 1896.

All productions of Der Ring des Nibelungen at Bayreuth Festival here.

 

      

 

Premiere cast at the first Bayreuther Festspiele 1876

Das Rheingold: Cast 13 August 1876

Conductor Hans Richter

Wotan Franz Betz
Loge Heinrich Vogl
Fricka Friederike Grün
Freia Marie Haupt
Donner Eugen Gura
Froh Georg Unger
Erda Luise Jaide
Alberich Karl Hill
Mime Karl Schlosser
Fasolt Albert Eilers
Fafner Franz von Reichenberg
Woglinde Lilli Lehmann
Wellgunde Marie Lehmann
Flosshilde Minna Lammert

 

Die Walküre: Cast 14 August 1876

Conductor Hans Richter

Siegmund Albert Niemann
Sieglinde Josephine Schefsky
Hunding Josef Niering
Wotan Franz Betz
Fricka Friederike Grün
Brünnhilde Amalie Materna
Gerhilde Marie Haupt
Ortlinde Marie Lehmann
Waltraute Luise Jaide
Schwertleite Johanna Jachmann-Wagner
Helmwige Lilli Lehmann
Siegrune Antonie Amann
Grimgerde Hedwig Reicher-Kindermann
Rossweisse Marie Lammert

 

Siegfried: Cast 16 August 1876

Conductor Hans Richter

Siegfried Georg Unger
Mime Karl Schlosser
The Wanderer Franz Betz
Alberich Karl Hill
Fafner Franz von Reichenberg
Waldvogel (the woodbird) Marie Haupt
Erda Luise Jaide
Brünnhilde Amalie Materna

 

Götterdammerung: Cast 17 August 1876

Conductor Hans Richter

Siegfried Georg Unger
Brünnhilde Amalie Materna
Gunther Eugen Gura
Gutrune Mathilde Weckerlin
Hagen Gustav Siehr
Alberich Karl Hill
Waltraute Luise Jaide
First Norn Johanna Jachmann-Wagner
Second Norn Josephine Schefsky
Third Norn Friederike Grün
Woglinde Lilli Lehmann
Wellgunde Marie Lehmann
Flosshilde Minna Lammert

 

Ring performances the first years after the world premiere:

1878 München/Leipzig
1879 Wien
1880 Hamburg
1881 Berlin (Angelo Neumann's travelling Wagner-Theatre with guest performances in Berliner Viktoria-Theater)
1882–1883 Angelo Neumann's travelling Wagner-Theatre on tour: London (Her Majesty's Theatre), Breslau, Königsberg, Danzig, Hannover, Bremen, Barmen, Dresden, Amsterdam, Brüssel, Aachen, Düsseldorf, Mainz, Darmstadt, Karlsruhe, Strassburg, Stuttgart, Basel, Venice, Bologna, Rome, Torino, Triest, Budapest, Graz – totaling 135 performances of the Ring!

 

Said about Der Ring des Nibelungen

James Levine, Musical Director, The Metropolitan Opera

Wagner’s Ring is one of those works of art that you think you know, but every time you return to it, you find brilliant moments that hadn’t struck you with the same force before.

Peter Tchaikovsky on Der Ring des Nibelungen

Wagner's tetralogy is so complicated and so finely detailed that much time is necessary for a study of it - and it really ought to be heard often.
In a letter to Modeste Tchaikovsky, written 14 August 1876 (Bayreuth - The Early Years)

Edvard Grieg

Every performance is so exhausting emotionally that it leaves one quite worn out.
Edvard Grieg, 17 August 1876