Stefan Herheim interviewed by Wagneropera.net
Stefan Herheim outside the new Opera House in Oslo. Photo: Per-Erik Skramstad ©
In a unique series of interviews with Wagneropera.net, Norwegian opera director Stefan Herheim talks openly about his increasingly enthusiastically received production of Parsifal at Bayreuth, ranging from a discussion of his concept behind the production, to working at the Bayreuth Festival and how his relationship with conductor Daniele Gatti developed from one of mutual suspicion to creative respect.
Stefan Herheim on Parsifal, Bayreuth and Daniele Gatti
• Stefan Herheim on the Parsifal at Bayreuth
• Stefan Herheim on Daniele Gatti, preludes and tempi
• Stefan Herheim on the Bayreuth Festival
Stefan Herheim: Parsifal - Selected Reviews and Comments
- Agence-France Presse
- Associated Press (2009): More impressive is the thread Herheim weaves — a century of German history replete with back-projected footage of the two world wars, smoking ruins left by the fall of the Third Reich, on-stage depictions of war wounded, fleeing Jews and — toward the end — Germany as a phoenix rising from the ashes. The links are clear but effective. Sin begets misery in the knight-priest kingdom, and pulls the country into the vortex of destruction that ends only with the redemption wrought by Parsifal. Old and new are joined, and the result is an opera that is true to its roots but relates as well on the contemporary level.
- Bayreischer Rundfunk (audio)
- Berliner Zeitung
- Bloomberg: The richness and psychological depth of Herheim's images and the seamless musicality with which he and his team have knitted them together add up to an evening of breathtaking impact.
- Boulezian blog: Daniele Gatti’s reading of the score rarely drew attention to itself but contributed to the unfolding dramas in exemplary fashion. […] The richness of the Bayreuth orchestra was ever apparent, but never more so than when it finally had our full attention, during the unstaged Prelude to Act III. That evocation of hard-won passing of time can rarely have seemed more apt than in the circumstances of this production. The gradual unfolding of the score’s phrases and paragraphs was faultless. Each act was possessed both of its own character and of an array of variegation and cross-reference. And the bells sounded better than I can recall hearing them anywhere (except of course on the most venerable of old Bayreuth recordings).
- Graham Bruce (The Wagner Society in Queensland): Herheim conceived PARSIFAL as a child's dream, with all of the Freudian implications that suggests. Now if that description suggests that this was yet another production which rode rough-shod over the text and music, I must assure my readers that conceptually, visually and musically, this was an outstanding success; indeed it's been some time since goose-bumps arose on my skin as they did during this performance.
- Corriere della Sera
- Le Figaro: Un Parsifal politiquement correct
- Financial Times: The performance works on so many levels that you emerge challenged and stimulated: Bayreuth at its best.
- Frankfurter Allgemeine
- The Guardian: Herheim's production continually poses the direct question of whether Wagner's own Bayreuth legacy - like the decaying world of the Grail knights in Parsifal - can ever be morally cleansed. In pursuit of an answer, Herheim takes us on a formidably ambitious journey through a dazzlingly inventive theatrical deconstruction of Parsifal, of German history, of Wagner and, above all, of the way they are woven together in Bayreuth itself.
- International Herald Tribune: The staging is grandiose, visually sensual, and scenically enthralling. The audience's attention rarely waned during the seven-hour performance, despite the slow, deliberate pace of the score as conducted by Italian Daniele Gatti. […] Herheim makes use of every modern stage technique available to him, deploying an endless succession of technological fireworks and visual provocations.
- Mostly Opera: […] myriads of ideas, sufficient for several new Parsifal productions on an over-stuffed stage, downstaging both singers and music and ultimately creating confusion as opposed to enlightenment.
- New York Times: In the end, it is moving. Directors get away with half-baked ingenuities because opera plots already require suspended judgment — and because of the music. Under Daniele Gatti’s baton, the score unwinds in grave and luxurious fashion. The Bayreuth chorus is peerless, as always. Christopher Ventris, as an ardent Parsifal; Detlef Roth, the touching Amfortas; and Kwangchul Youn, a brooding Gurnemanz, make for unexpected stars. Mihoko Fujimura, notwithstanding the straining in her upper reaches, is the desperate, heartbreaking Kundry. If someone at Bayreuth could sift through Mr. Herheim’s bounty of ideas, this might yet become a great production.
- Der Spiegel
- The Stage (Penelope Turing: Herheim is tempted by adding some ‘ideas’, but emerges triumphant because this is simply a great musical performance.)
- Der Standard
- Süddeutsche Zeitung
- Telegraph (Rupert Christiansen, 2009): I caught the first revival of the Norwegian director Stefan Herheim's production of Parsifal. Its first two acts are among the most beautiful and complex things that I have ever seen on a stage, and I can scarcely describe their import. [...] What further distinguishes Herheim's direction is its exquisitely sensitive musicality. The endlessly shifting and meticulously choreographed imagery flows in and out of the river of Wagner's score, as it progresses from the Bismarck era to Adenauer's reconstruction, through two world wars and the Weimar Republic, showing idealism turning to militarism and religious belief to political fanaticism.
- The Wagner Journal (Barry Millington): This is one of the finest stagings of the work ever seen at Bayreuth, or anywhere else. While undeniably complex, the dramaturgy is strong, clear and focused. The stagecraft, moreover, is superb. (Review available in the printed edition.)
- Die Welt
- Westdutsche Allgemeine Zeitung: Herheims Parsifal ist vielschichtig, aber dabei nicht beliebig. Er hält eine kluge Balance zwischen Dokumentation und Traumkosmos. Und der Norweger ist ein Regisseur von großer Musikalität: Gesten und Blicke, Gänge und Verwandlungen korrespondieren punktgenau mit Wagners Musik.
- "I have noticed a tendency to the (historically) excessive since 2008 in the production on the Green Hill by Stefan Herheim, Schlingensief’s successor as director of Parsifal: as if these directors knew what wealth Wagner had left in his last opera but did not feel able to control it and make it fertile. I think we should not be too complicated, nor always think of history before and after Wagner and show it on stage. As Lars von Trier said: if we want Wagner, then Wagner is what we want." Christian Thielemann. As quoted in Christian Thielemann: My Life with Wagner (p. 249). Orion. Kindle Edition.
- Mystikk og begjær. Av Erling E. Guldbrandsen
- Drømmen om forløsning. Av Ståle Wikshåland
Stefan Herheim interviews
Stefan Herheim on Daniele Gatti, tempi and staging of preludes
Herheim on Parsifal: The Theatre is my Temple
Stefan Herheim links
Kevin Clarke: Siegfried Wagner's homosexuality and its influences on Wagner performance history and the Bayreuth Festival
Peter Konwitschny: I do not consider myself a representative of the Regietheater
Alexander Meier-Dörzenbach: Since we will be working with string puppets, it is rather difficult to state what kind of "person" Lohengrin is
Alexander Meier-Dörzenbach: There is so much more than mere sentimentality to this great opera
Detlef Roth: Amfortas' Suffering is Germany's
Kasper Holten: Tannhäuser's Rome narrative is perhaps all fiction—but it is his best story ever
Lisbeth Balslev: You come to Bayreuth for the sake of art
Iréne Theorin: Isolde is incredibly intense, and that really suits me
Graham Clark: I just switched hobbies
Anne Evans: At the time I hadn’t realised what a powerful impact it made
Johanna Meier on Isolde, Bayreuth and Ponnelle
Lioba Braun on Brangäne, Bayreuth and Wagner
Stephen Gould: Tristan is the end of the line
Penelope Turing: "Heil dir, Sonne!" Meant Something in those Conditions
Daniel Slater: The creation of the self through love and death
Sharon Polyak on West-Eastern Divan Orchestra, Wagner in Israel, Bayreuth
Parsifal on DVD and CD